Everything About Astronauts Vol. 2 Resources

Everything About Astronauts Volume 2

All Things Astronauts


Videos, Podcasts, Astronaut Books, and other links


Here are all the resources found in volume 1 of Everything About Astronauts, plus a few extra fun tidbits and links.

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Chapter 1 - Astronaut Traditions & Superstitions

Movie Night

Here’s a link to the 1969 film White Sun of the Desert that is traditionally watched the night before a cosmonaut launches into space. 

Official Cosmonaut Anthem

The Grass by the Home by Zemlyane

Crew Starring in Sci-Fi Movie Posters
NASA Expedition 42 Sci Fi poster

You can see some of the posters from the space shuttle era here: https://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/shuttleoperations/ posters.html

You can check out the posters from the International Space Station Expeditions at: https://www.nasa.gov/directorates/heo/sfa/sp/ expedition-posters-1-9

Leaving Mission Stickers

Space missions each have their own unique sticker and patch. ISS astronauts leave their mark by putting their mission stickers in Node 1 and in the Airlock. These stickers can be seen on Google Earth view of the International Space Station, which means you can use Google Earth to see them for yourself here: http://bit.ly/google-earth-iss

Chapter 3: Spacesuits vs Pressure Suits

No Red Stripe (The only photo of Neil Armstrong on the Moon)
Bruce McCandless
Notice the Red Stripe (This is Astronaut Bruce McCandless II)
Look for the Red Stripe

Back when Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin made their historic visit to the moon, the folks sifting through the photos once they got back realized that they couldn’t tell who was who. The suits were exactly the same and there was no way to differentiate between the two. They learned this the hard way when they were trying to find a photograph of Neil Armstrong. It turns out there is only one photograph of him, since Armstrong was taking most of the photos and wasn’t really into selfies!

Since then, red or yellow stripes have been added to the EVA suits so it’s obvious who is who. NASA astronauts will have a lead spacewalker who is in charge of the spacewalk. To distinguish which astronaut is the lead spacewalker, look for the color of the stripes that are found on the arms and legs of the suit and on the back of the backpack.

The astronaut wearing the red stripe is normally the lead EVA astronaut.

NASA Approved EVA Watches

Tracking time during an EVA is critical. Having a reliable watch, or more specifically a chronograph that works in the vacuum of space, is important. The watch needs to be waterproof, shockproof, anti- magnetic, have loud alarms that can be heard over background noise and be able to withstand intense temperatures. Only the Omega Speedmaster chronograph met all of those requirements. Omega Speedmaster watches were worn for all of the Gemini and Apollo EVAs.

Today, NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) still work with Omega to design a watch for living and working in space. The Omega Speedmaster X-33 Skywalker watch was developed for astronauts living and working on the ISS. One of the key features is multiple alarms that can be heard over the ever-present background noise of the ISS.

Official Space Agency Websites


The official NASA website is at: https://www.nasa.gov/



The Canadian Space Agency website has a wealth of video and information about their astronauts and what it’s like to live in space. Visit their website at: https://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/astronauts/default.asp



Want to learn about the European Space Agency? Want to see who becomes the next ESA astronauts? They just recently opened up applications. Find out the latest on their website: https://www.esa.int/



Learn about the Russian space program and the cosmonauts who have made history on the English version of their official website here: http://en.roscosmos.ru/



Learn more about Japan’s Space Agency, the research they are doing on the ISS, their launch vehicles and so much more. Visit their official website here: https://global.jaxa.jp/


How to Prepare to Become an Astronaut

NASA answers this here: https://www.nasa.gov/feature/10-ways-students-can-prepare-to-beanastronaut


The CSA has lots of useful information about what it takes to be a CSA astronaut found here: https://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/astronauts/how-to-become-an-astronaut/default.asp


ESA recently opened up applications to become an ESA astronaut. Find out what qualities they look for:



The Japanese Space Agency answers this question here: https://global.jaxa.jp/article/special/astronaut/yanagawa_e.htm

Astronaut Biographies

Get all the information you could ever want about NASA astronauts here: https://www.nasa.gov/astronauts

Find out the latest on the ESA astronauts here:


Learn about the active and former CSA astronauts here:


General Links

NASA LIVE YouTube Streams

NASA has two different livestreams on YouTube, plus a host of other playlists and videos to see what the astronauts are up to, the Perseverance Rover on Mars and so much more. Find their official YouTube channel here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCLA_DiR1FfKNvjuUpBHmylQ



Have a question for NASA? Use the hashtag #AskNASA on Twitter or Instagram to ask your question and NASA will answer.



Learn about what NASA is doing to send humans to the Moon again here: https://www.nasa.gov/specials/artemis/



Want the latest information on what NASA is doing on Mars with the Perseverance Rover and Ingenuity, the Mars helicopter? Get all the latest info here: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020/



Want to learn about all the benefits space exploration has had on our lives here on Earth? Learn more here: https://homeandcity.nasa.gov/



To see and search for all of the experiments that have happened and are happening onboard the space station, visit: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/explorer/index.html



Quora is a great place to ask questions and find answers about a variety of things, but especially about astronauts and space exploration. There are even a few astronauts and folks who work at NASA who have answered several astronaut-related questions for others that you can read.



Some of the best and most complete collection of photographs taken of the Earth since 1961 can be found and searched for here:



The live video from the International Space Station that includes views of the crew when they’re on-duty, audio conversations between the crew and Mission Control and views of the earth from space at other times can be viewed here: https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/nasatv/iss_ustream.html



A camera mounted on the ISS streams live video footage and shows the earth below as it flies by at 5 miles per second or 8 km per second.


Here’s where you can see the view of the Earth as seen from the International Space Station: https://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/eng/iss/watch-live.asp

Communicating with the ISS via Ham Radio


Learn how it all started, how you can apply to have your group speak to the crew onboard the ISS and what frequencies and call signs to use. Find that all here: https://www.ariss.org/



Get the full list of call signs for astronauts who are, or were at one time, licensed ham radio operators. See it here: https://www.ariss.org/hams-in-space.html



Find out what equipment you need to hear the ISS, how you can listen online, when to listen and what you can expect to hear at https://amsat-uk.org/beginners/how-to-hear-the-iss/

Recommended Astronaut Books

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Astronaut Books

Recommended Astronaut Websites

First British Astronaut, Helen Sharman

Read her fascinating FAQs and learn how you can book Helen to come and speak to your group. Details at https://www.helensharman.uk/frequently-asked-questions/


First Canadian to Walk in Space, Chris Hadfield

Learn about Colonel Hadfield, find out about his latest book, learn about events in your area and sign up to get the latest at: https://chrishadfield.ca/


First Female Pilot and Female Commander of a space shuttle, Eileen M. Collins

Find out more about former astronaut and retired U.S. Air Force colonel, Eileen Collins. Learn more about her new book and read what she says about what it takes to become an astronaut. Details found on her official website: http://marklarson.com/eileencollins/one.html


First American Woman to Walk in Space, Kathy Sullivan

Sullivan has been to space and the bottom of the ocean. Read her blog and learn about her podcast where she talks about her historic experiences: http://kathysullivanastronaut.com/

Recommended Astronaut-Related Podcasts

ESA Podcast Cover

ESA Explores

Get behind the scenes with the European Space Agency and find out how they train their astronauts, the science behind the ISS and what it will take to go to Mars.

Houston We Have a Podcast

Houston, We Have a Podcast

The official podcast of the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas where the host talks about all things space and how it works to get humans there. Lots of interviews with guests that talk spacesuits, artificial gravity and what it will take to get humans back to the Moon and to Mars.

Kathy Sullivan Explores Podcast Cover

Kathy Sullivan Explores

Astronaut Kathy Sullivan is the only person to have both walked in space and visited the deepest point in the ocean. In her new podcast she shares unique insights and perspectives about her experiences in space and in the ocean. She is also joined by a variety of guests which always leads to fascinating discussions.

Space and Things

A weekly podcast that explores all things about space. Learn about spacesuits, top tips for visiting Space Center Houston, how to talk to someone in space via Ham Radio and so much more. It’s presented by historian Emily Carney and space nerd Dave Giles. More details at: https://www.spaceandthingspodcast.com

MECO Podcast Cover


MECO stands for Main Engine Cut Off and is a podcast by Anthony Colangelo. With over 200 episodes, you’ll find topics, news and opinions about space tourism, Starship news, China’s space station and so much more. Find it here: https://mainenginecutoff.com/podcast

Are We There Yet?

Listen to weekly space news updates and interviews with astronauts, engineers and visionaries by space reporter Brendan Byrne. Find it on Spotify and Apple Podcasts.

BBC World Service Space Podcast Cover

BBC World Service – Space

Listen to a collection of radio documentary programs that talk about all things space. Episodes cover what happen the day the Skylab space station fell to Earth, what it will take to get a woman on the Moon and the future of space flight. Get all of the episodes here: https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p03bv899/episodes/player

If you loved Vol. 2, make sure you check out Vol. 1

Everything About Astronauts

Vol. 1

Have you ever asked?

  • What were the 106 items the Apollo 11 crew left on the Moon?
  • What does moon dust smell like?
  • What kind of crazy tests do space agencies put astronaut applicants through?
  • How much do astronauts get paid?

Volume 1 covers entertaining topics about what it takes to become an astronaut, how astronauts trained to go to the Moon, little-known facts about famous astronauts and so much more.

Everything About Astronauts Volume 1

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